January 30, 2020 by admin
The Daihatsu Mira (also known as the Cuore, Domino, and more recently Charade), is a kei car-type vehicle built by the Japanese car maker Daihatsu. It comes with a variety of options and chassis variations, with the latest variant having four models: "Mira", "Mira AVY", "Mira Gino" and "Mira VAN". The Mira is the latest successor to the line of cars begun with the Daihatsu Fellow of 1966 and was originally introduced as the commercial version of the Cuore. Outside Japan, the Mira has also been offered with an 850 cc or 1000 cc engine. In Australia, the two-seater version was marketed as the Daihatsu Handivan and later as the Daihatsu Handi. The name "mira" is Latin meaning "goal" or "purpose."
The Daihatsu Mira and Cuore replaced the Daihatsu Max Cuore in July 1980. This was replaced by the second generation (L70) of the Mira/Cuore which was introduced in 1985. For most generations there were two engine sizes available: one smaller version, to suit Japanese domestic regulations, of either 550 or 660 cc, and a bigger-engined version for export markets. The L200 variant (1990–94), for instance, came with a three-cylinder 660 cc engine with 40–64 PS (29–47 kW) in Japan, while other parts of the world received a bigger-hearted variant with an 847 cc or 1000 cc engine. The L500 Mira was the first kei car from Daihatsu to offer a four-cylinder (660 cc) engine.
L55/L60 series (1980)
In July 1980, the Daihatsu Mira and Cuore arrived to replace the Daihatsu Max Cuore. A certain amount of confusion arises from the fact that this, the L55-series, was the first generation Daihatsu Mira but is usually considered the second generation of the Cuore – and that the Mira was originally marketed as the "Mira Cuore". The range was facelifted lightly in May 1982, when the Mira dropped the "Cuore" portion of its name. Also new was the sporty five-speed MGX (three doors only), fitted with radial tires. The autoclutch "Daimatic" transmission was replaced by a fully automatic two-speed unit at the same time. In October 1983, turbocharged and four-wheel drive versions of the Mira van were made available (not in conjunction, however).
The L55 series was sold with two main engines: the two-cylinder AB10 unit of 547 cc, and the slightly larger 617 cc AD unit which was installed in the export-only L60 Cuore. They both featured twin balancing shafts, producing a smoothness and silent operations on par with a traditional four-cylinder engine. In tests, the 617 cc version of the car received plaudits for its refinement as well as its "lively" character and "enthusiastic" performance when compared to European competitors such as the Fiat Panda 30 and the Citroën Visa Club, both also with two-cylinder engines. The main issue was cost: the balance-shaft equipped bicyclinder supposedly cost as much to build as a conventional four-cylinder engine. The car was also commended by Quattroruote for its agile city driving characteristics – although it could hardly be considered fully fit for the autostrada. The 30 PS (22 kW) "big" version has a top speed of 120 km/h (75 mph).
The bigger engine was introduced in the second half of 1982, as part of a push by Daihatsu to push its European exports. In some markets, the two engines were both available. In Belgium, for instance, they were sold as the Cuore 550 for the small version and as the Cuore 623/625, depending on which bodywork was fitted. The Cuore sold well in both Argentina and Chile in 1980 (4,300 cars shipped), but economic hardship there led to a cancellation of exports by 1982.
In 1983 the Mira Turbo appeared. Only available in the Japanese market, and only as a commercial vehicle, it had a carburetted and turbocharged version of the little two-cylinder engine. This was enough for 41 PS (30 kW) and a resulting top speed of 130 km/h (81 mph). In February 1985 the first Mira Parco special edition arrived, heralding a long relationship between Daihatsu and the Parco clothing chain. It received 10-inch allowy wheels, front disc brakes, air conditioning, radial tires, and a special Parco interior, and were sold directly through eleven Parco stores nationwide. Parco also advertised the car through their own publications.
L70/L80 series (1985)
The second generation (L70) Mira/Cuore was released in August 1985. It had a longer wheelbase and a new generation of three-cylinder engines replacing the previous two-cylinder (AB) versions. Displacement of the new EB engines remained exactly the same, at 547 cc. For the L80 export versions an 847 cc three-cylinder was developed, called ED-10. In September 1986 a special version for the Swiss market appeared, with a narrower bore version displacing 796 cc (called ED-10A). Unlike the fractionally larger standard version, this one suited the four tax horsepower category in certain cantons, while other cantons had prominent tax limits at 800 cc.
As for the domestic Japanese market versions, there were commercial versions (Mira) sold alongside passenger car versions (Cuore). The commercials had temporary rear seats which fold completely flat, and are easily recognized by luggage rails in the rear side windows. As for the previous generation, a version with switchable four-wheel drive was available for the "Van" version (chassis code L71V). The engines were originally carburetted, and either naturally aspirated or turbocharged (with intercooler). These offered 38 PS (28 kW) and 52 PS (38 kW) respectively. The turbo version was originally only available as a Mira (three-door commercial), and was introduced two months after the regular version. Transmissions were either four- or five-speed manuals, with a two-speed automatic also available for the atmospheric versions.
In January 1986, a five-door "Van" (Mira) version was added. A "Walk-Through Van" version, using the regular bonnet combined with near square rear bodywork, appeared two months later. Folding doors (optional at the rear) made access possible even in the tightest streets. In August 1987, the Mira/Cuore received a minor facelift with a new grille and bonnet, as well as some other detail changes all making for a smoother appearance overall. Two months later a permanent four-wheel-drive version was made available in the turbocharged version. In February 1988 another Mira Parco special edition arrived. The Mira Parco was only available in black and with a bright, pop-colored interior, and was aimed at twentysomething buyers. This model sold out rapidly and for the summer a second Parco edition (now with a bright-blue interior) arrived, followed by the third Mira Parco in February 1989. This version received a turbocharged engine and four-wheel-drive.
After having undergone another minor change in October 1988, a 50 PS turbocharged Mira Sedan TR/CR series for passenger use was also made available – as a five-door version as well. A limited edition of 500 Mira Sedan TR-XX Limited were also sold. Japanese production of the L70 series ended when the new 660 cc L200 version was introduced in March 1990 in response to new regulations for the kei class. This also marked the end of the division of the line into Mira and Cuore, as the Cuore nameplate was retired in Japan with the introduction of the new model.
Daihatsu's Thai arm carried on producing the L70 series after it was replaced in Japan. In addition to the regular version, they also developed a ute version for the pickup-hungry Thai domestic market from 1990 to 1995, called the Mira P1. This was built with a pickup bed, tail gate and redesigned taillights. The Mira pickup was extremely popular, with Daihatsu's Thai sales jumping by 50 percent as a result. Coming full circle, and mirroring the development of the SUV, Daihatsu also developed the Mira P4: a roofed four-seater wagon version of this micro-ute. Some P4s retained the pickup's fold down tailgate, adding a top-hinged glass, while some had a top-hinged one-piece tailgate. Later, there was an extended cab 2+2-seater ute ("Daihatsu Miracab") and also a hatchback with an enlarged rear end, called the "Mint".
While originally using the smaller engines as per the original Japanese specifications, these were too long to be classified as true kei cars. Later cars have the 850 cc engine as used in many other export markets. Nonetheless, the 1997 Asian financial crisis marked the end for Daihatsu in Thailand as sales plummeted from 4,000 in 1995 to 160 in 1997. Production ended in February 1998 and by March 1998 Daihatsu no longer offered cars in the Thai market.
In 2004 a Philippine company revived the Mira Pickup, built locally and sold as the Norkis Legacy. A panel van version is also available, as is a four-door double cab with a very short bed. Unlike the original L70 Mira, they have the later 659 cc EF engine which is also available to run on LPG. It is longer and heavier than the original, with the original two-seat pickup weighing in at 900 kg (1,984 lb) and 3,630 mm (143 in) long.
L200 series (1990)
The L200/201 was the third and thus far most popular generation of the vehicle, offered in a large number of variants. In the Japanese domestic market the "Cuore" name was dropped, as the differences between passenger and commercial versions were narrowed. The L200 (front-wheel drive) was produced with the Mira badge from the spring of 1990 until at least 1998, but the platform has lived on under other names. L201 was the chassis code used on export market cars, usually labelled "Cuore".
As with most Kei cars, the 200-series came in two primary variants: The "V" Series is a windowed van style intended for light commercial use. This variant featured a fold down rear bench seat without seat belts. The "S" series, intended for private use, is largely similar but the larger, more comfortable rear seats are equipped with belts and are further to the rear of the vehicle with more leg room. While the seats still fold down, unlike the "V", the "S" does not offer a flat loading floor. These characteristics are due to Japanese tax preferences for commercial vehicles, which only allow for temporary accommodation in the rear and demand a flat loading floor. The range received a very subtle facelift of a more rounded overall appearance for 1993, it included altered front and rear lights, bumpers, and a new bonnet and front seats. This version was available to Japanese customers from August 1992 and also incorporated some changes to the lineup. Turbocharged automatics now received a four-speed transmission. Shortly thereafter the new RV-4 model appeared. This version, with its crossover pretensions, latched onto the wave of so-called "RVs" (recreational vehicles) that became popular in Japan in the early 1990s. The RV-4 received distinct cladding, somewhat raised suspension, a roofrack and bullbar, as well as a protective plate for the engine.
The Mira could either be equipped with a three-speed automatic, or four- or five-speed manual transmission. A four-wheel drive variant known as the L210 was also available in V or S models, only with the five-speed manual. An electronically fuel-injected 12-valve (four per cylinder) turbo was the range topper, whereas the normally aspirated base versions made do with a one barrel carburetor. There was also a version with mechanical four-wheel steering (L220), so far the only Kei car to feature this option. To break the stranglehold of the Suzuki Alto Works on the All-Japan Rally Championship, the Mira X4R was developed in 1991. It had a strengthened engine with a forged crankshaft and flywheel and other detail improvements, a close-ratio gearbox and various chassis improvements. Equipment was stripped, with a minimal interior and diagonal tires since everything would be altered by competitors. The Group A X4R was sold at a rate of about ten units per month at a price about twenty percent higher than the regular X4. Noriyuki Hotta won the class championship in 1992.
A taller, highly customizable two-seat step-van variant ("Walk-Through Van") with folding side doors was also produced, solely for the Japanese market. This reached the maximum height allowed for kei cars, two metres.
The L201 was sold outside Japan primarily in Europe, Australia and New Zealand. The three or five-door 201 retained the larger displacement engine of 847 cc (ED10K) and a choice of four- or five-speed manual transmissions, or a three-speed automatic option. This carburetted engine produced 41 PS (30 kW) (ECE) at 5500 rpm. Van versions were also available in Australia, called Handivan (later shortened to Handi). The Van, sometimes with filled in rear windows, was also marketed in certain other markets (such as the Benelux countries) where the tax structure favoured it.
The 200/201 had myriad market and model differences. Cuore badged L201's received a fog lamp on the left side. Later models of the Mira had fog lamps on both sides. The L201 had two license plate lamps while the L200 had only one. L200 Miras produced for Japan had no rear fog lamps, when sold in the United Kingdom (where Japan spec Miras were also available) they had a rear fog lamp mounted on the right hand side. Despite the Mira badge mostly being available in Right Hand Drive markets, left hand drive Mira-badged L201's were sold in the Dominican Republic.
This generation of the Mira was chosen by Malaysia's Perodua to be rebadged as its first product. The L200 went on sale in Malaysia as the Perodua Kancil in 1994. After several facelifts, production of the Kancil finally came to an end in July 2009. The Malaysian built Kancil was marketed as the Daihatsu Ceria in Indonesia between 2001 and 2006.
L500 series (1994)
Production of the L500 Miras started in September 1994. The design of the car was slightly altered throughout but retained a look similar to that of the L200. The L500 Mira was badged outside Japan primarily as the L501 Cuore. The 200 series Mira ceased sales in Japan but continued in some other markets, where it received the same engine updates as did the export market L500.
In the Japanese market the "Mira Moderno", a separate range of cars (non-commercials) was added in October 1995. This range received a minor facelift in May 1996, which was extended to the rest of the range in May 1997. In August 1997 the Mira Classic was added, a retro-look version. The Classic was available with naturally aspirated engines (40 PS or 29 kW as a front-wheel drive, 55 PS or 40 kW with 4WD) or a turbocharged option with 64 PS (47 kW). The Classic was succeeded by the equally retro-designed Mira Gino which was based on the fifth generation (L700). In January 1998, in cooperation with Sanrio, a "Hello Kitty" version of the Mira Moderno appeared. This was available in pastel colors and received various Hello Kitty details throughout the car, such as a Hello Kitty ignition key.
The L500 was Daihatsu's first kei class vehicle to feature a four-cylinder engine, with the option of the new JB series engine. When equipped with this engine, the model code became L502. The range of models available in the 200 platform more or less carried over to the 500 series. One change was that the export versions received fuel injection as standard, which brought the output of the 847 cc engine up by one, to 42 PS (31 kW). This engine was called the ED-20. The four-speed manual was no longer available, but a four-speed automatic joined the existing three-speed version in the domestic Japanese market. In November 1996 a twin-cam, 12-valve version of the 847 cc three-cylinder was also made available. This, the ED-DE, produced 50 PS (37 kW) at 5,500 rpm.
In Australia the L500 Mira was sold as the Daihatsu Charade Centro. The model remained in production in Pakistan, as the Daihatsu Cuore. The L500 was produced by Toyota Indus Motor Company between March 2000 and 2012, with the 847 cc carburetor engine (ED-10) which has been used in export models since 1986. The Pakistani Cuores have 41 PS (30 kW) and were only built with the five-door hatchback bodywork. 2440 cars were built in 2001, although annual capacity was about four times higher.
L700 series (1998)
The fifth generation Cuore received the chassis code L700, with L710 being used for four-wheel-drive versions. The new model appeared in the fall of 1998. While the engines of cars sold in the domestic Japanese market had to stay beneath the 659 cc threshold, export versions (L701/711) received a new engine: the 659 cc JB-EL was a 12-valve DOHC three-cylinder, producing 56 PS (41 kW) at 5200 rpm. Also new for export models was the availability of a three-speed automatic. After a facelift in 2001, the car was equipped with new more powerful engine code EJ-VE engine with 58 PS (43 kW) and VVT-i. For some markets the previous 659 cc JB-DE engine was retained.
Production of the L700 Mira was picked up in Malaysia in 2001, where it was sold alongside the Kancil as the Perodua Kelisa with the familiar Daihatsu J-series engines of 659 & 1,000 cc. Perodua ended production of the model in 2007.
A retro version of the Daihatsu Mira based on the L700 platform began production in 1999, replacing the preceding Mira Classic. The Mira Gino received features and options similar to those of the regular variant but was styled with a retro look. The Mira Gino was originally only offered with a 659 cc engine in Japan, but the 1-litre JB-VE engine (as for the export market L700s) was briefly available in Japan as the Mira Gino 1000. A car based on the second generation Gino (which received its own modelcode of L650/L660) with a one-litre engine was sold as the in export markets.
L250 series (2002)
The L250/260 Mira, unrelated to the earlier 200-series, is the sixth generation of the car. The car is produced as the Mira in Japan. The L250 was labeled Daihatsu Charade in the United Kingdom and South Africa. Elsewhere this was badged and sold as the Cuore. Export versions, equipped with the 1-liter EJ engine as first seen in the previous generation, are L251, while L260 is used on four-wheel-drive versions (for the Japanese domestic market only). After the sixth Mira was replaced in late 2006, the production line was shifted to Malaysia, where production of this car as the Perodua Viva commenced in May 2007.
In Japan there is also a sportier Mira Avy version available. The range underwent a very minor facelift in August 2005. A special needs friendly (Mira Friend-Matic) version appeared in November 2006. This car could be driven directly from a special self-powered wheelchair (the "Mira Self-Matic"), with a drivers door that could open at 90 degrees and a fully automated entry and exit system. Buyers of the Self-Matic would receive government assistance. The Friend-Matic version continued to be produced until August 2009.
L275 series (2006)
In December 2006, the L275, the seventh generation Mira, was presented. Initially only available as a passenger version, the Van derivative appeared in early 2007. As usual four-wheel-drive versions received a different model code (L285). Two 'Topaz Neo' KF engines are available: a 658 cc KF-VE twin-cam DVVT three-cylinder engine of 43 kilowatts (58 hp), and the KF-DET turbo engine of same displacement that produces 47 kilowatts (63 hp). The naturally aspirated engine is available with five-speed manual transmission, three- or four-speed automative transmission or continuously variable transmission. Export models (L276) first appeared in September 2007 and receive the very light Toyota KR engine, an inline-three of one liter's displacement.
Under Japanese 10–15 test cycle, fuel economy varies from 21 km/L (59 mpg‑imp; 49 mpg‑US) for three-speed automatic transmission to 25.5 km/L (72 mpg‑imp; 60 mpg‑US) for continuously variable transmission. For cars with "Smart Drive package", which come with a new idle stop system, fuel economy increases to 27 km/L (76 mpg‑imp; 64 mpg‑US).
Sales for export 1.0 L models in South Africa (Daihatsu Charade) ended in 2011 and followed by European version (Daihatsu Cuore) in 2013.
The Mira, alongside the Mira Cocoa, was discontinued in Japan on March 30, 2018.
In popular culture
- The Mira TR-XX appears alongside several of its kei sports car contemporaries in Kat's Run: Zen-Nippon K Car Senshuken for the Super Famicom.
- The YouTube channel show Mighty Car Mods Featured multiple L700 Cuores, namely a blue-colored, two-door 2002 Daihatsu Mira which, due to severe neglected state it was found in when bought by one of the show's hosts, was affectionately called "The Blue Turd". Despite the nickname, subsequent modifications (including an engine swap from a larger Daihatsu Sirion) have elevated the model's reputation among affordable DIY car enthusiasts who watch the show. An L200 Mira TR-XX was used in their film 'Kei To The City'. In Season 9 they imported the Mira as a "halfcut", due to Australian import regulations preventing it being brought into the country as a working car. Using an Australian-bought Mira as a base car, and as much of the Japanese halfcut Mira as possible, the duo were aiming to recreate the TR-XX in Australia. The car was finally finished and revealed on September 8, 2019. 
- The car was also reviewed by Jeremy Clarkson on Top Gear.
- Perodua Kancil – A rebadged third generation Daihatsu Mira.
- Perodua Kelisa – A rebadged fifth generation Daihatsu Mira.
- Perodua Viva – A rebadged sixth generation Daihatsu Mira.
- Lada Oka - Heavily inspired by the Daihatsu Mira.
- Daihatsu Mira / Handi / Handivan Retrieved from www.microcarforum.com on 5 February 2009
- "History of Daihatsu Kei Jidosha". xs4all.nl/~mjs/daihatsuk.html. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
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- Ferrari, Alessandro (September 1984). "Due cilindri che sembrano quattro" [Two cylinders which feel like four]. Quattroruote (in Italian). Milan, Italy: Editoriale Domus. 29 (347): 71.
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- "Le Moniteur de l'Automobile" (in French). 34 (784). Brussels, Belgium: Editions Auto-Magazine. 15 December 1983: 66. Cite journal requires
- "ダイハツ「ミラ・パルコ」 服飾とクルマのコラボ！ バブル期地方女子はどう見た？" [Daihatsu Mira Parco collaboration between cars and fashion! Have you seen the Bubble Era girls?] (in Japanese). Riding News. 1 January 2018. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019.
- Heitz, Rudolf, ed. (1 August 1985). Auto Katalog 1986 (in German). 29. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. p. 107. 81530/85001.
- Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (5 March 1987). Automobil Revue 1987 (in German and French). 82. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. pp. 240–241. ISBN 3-444-00458-3.. For the Swiss tax codes, see pp. 96–97.
- Automobil Revue 1987, p. 240
- Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 11, '80s Japanese Cars (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. p. 249. ISBN 978-4-544-91018-6.
- Kießler, Bernd-Wilfried (1992), Daihatsu Automobile: Erfahrung für die Zukunft (in German), Südwest, p. 57, ISBN 9783517012254
- New ミラ [Mira] Turbo (brochure) (in Japanese), Osaka, Japan: Daihatsu Motor Co., April 1989, p. 19, 13100①300A8904TK
- "Daihatsu Midget MP – three wheel car". The Book of Threes. Archived from the original on 24 September 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- "Daihatsu to End Thai Operations". New York Times. 25 March 1998. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "Gov't encourages development ov small engines; Norkis obliges". Sun Star. Cebu, Philippines. 27 September 2004. Archived from the original on 10 October 2004. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- 1990 Daihatsu Mira 3gen 4WD Hatchback (L200) full range specs
- Anderson, Donn, ed. (April 1993). "Newsline: Mira facelift". New Zealand Car. Auckland, New Zealand: Accent Publishing Cnr. 7 (6): 10. ISSN 0113-0196.
- Biono, Adhi (2 November 1992). "Model baru Daihatsu" [New Daihatsu models]. Intan Motor (in Indonesian). Vol. VI no. 113. Jakarta: Yayasan Beraya Press. p. 38. ISSN 0215-7713.
- Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (March 1991). Automobil Revue 1991 (in German and French). 86. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. pp. 233–234. ISBN 3-444-00514-8.
- Kießler, p. 114
- "Daihatsu Mira / Handi / Handivan". Microcar Forum. 2 December 2005.
- Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (6 March 1997). Automobil Revue 1997 (in German and French). 92. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. pp. 231–232. ISBN 3-444-10479-0.
- "toyota-indus". toyota-indus. Archived from the original on 24 September 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- Mazur, Eligiusz, ed. (2002). Katalog Samochody Świata 2003 [World Car Catalogue 2003]. Warsaw, Poland: Print Shops Prego - Polska Sp. z o.o. p. 220. ISSN 1234-8198.
- Nötzli, Max, ed. (7 March 2002). Automobil Revue 2002 (in German and French). 97. Berne, Switzerland: Büchler Grafino AG. pp. 247–248. ISBN 3-905386-02-X.
- "Fully Redesigned Daihatsu Mira Launched". World Car Fan. 17 December 2006. Archived from the original on 22 April 2012.
- Paul Tan (28 December 2006). "New Daihatsu Mira launched in Japan". Paul Tan's Automotive News.
- Lau, Benson (1 April 2010). "Mighty Car Mods Interview". JDM Style Tuning. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
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